Mining is one of the most polluting industries in the world. It is linked with conflict and human rights abuses. Most of the world’s biggest mining companies, and many smaller mining companies, are listed on the London Stock Exchange, and on its Alternative Investment Market (AIM). ECCR is a member of the London Mining Network – http://londonminingnetwork.org/about/ – which works for
- human rights, including the rights of Indigenous Peoples and workers, and
- sustainable development (development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs) in communities around the world affected by the activities of mining companies based in or funded from London
ECCR has had regular interactions with companies in the mining sector, recently through a project entitled “Making FPIC a Reality for Indigenous Communities: Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) and Mining”. Multinational mining companies place increasing emphasis on community engagement as part of their corporate responsibility. However, they engage with communities in an inconsistent manner and rarely comply with the standards necessary for respect for Indigenous Peoples’ rights, interests and well-being. The project promoted the rights of mining-affected indigenous peoples to their lands, territories and natural resources. Its objective was to persuade leading mining multinational companies to adopt the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) in their policies and fully comply with it in practice in all of their operations. The project specifically focused on increased awareness and respect for FPIC by the industry in line with the international normative framework of indigenous peoples rights, including the 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), as the minimum mining industry-wide standard for a rights based engagement with indigenous peoples.